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PERSONAL AND HEALTH-RELATED FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH RECREATIONAL ACTIVITY PREFERENCES AMONG NURSING HOME RESIDENTS

S. Jung, V.R. Cimarolli

Jour Nursing Home Res 2015;1:66-72

Background: Recreational activities have the potential to improve nursing home residents’ quality of life, but little is known about the factors that are associated with the preferences that residents may voice regarding specific types of activities. Objectives: To identify personal, and health-related factors associated with recreational activity preferences in nursing home residents. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: An urban nursing home facility in the United States. Participants: Newly admitted, long-stay nursing home residents (N = 123). Measurements: Data obtained from residents’ admission Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3.0, including age, gender, race/ethnicity, marital status, subjective vision and hearing impairment ratings, cognitive functioning, depressive symptoms, and pain presence were examined as predictors of eight activity preferences items (i.e., having books, listening to music, participating in religious services) using multivariate logistic analyses. Results: In general, nursing home residents reported high preferences for most recreational activities. Vision and hearing impairments were significantly associated with vision-specific (reading) and hearing-specific activities (listening to music), respectively. Racial/ethnic minority residents were more likely to prefer group activities, keeping up with news, and religious practices, when compared to non-minority residents. Conclusions: Understanding activity preferences is a necessary first step in establishing and designing recreational programs that meet the needs of diverse populations in nursing homes.

CITATION:
S. Jung ; V.R. Cimarolli (2015): Personal and Health-Related Factors Associated with Recreational Activity Preferences Among Nursing Home Residents. The Journal of Nursing Home Research Science (JNHRS). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jnhrs.2015.13

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